In our study, we analyzed a varied range of information governance initiatives covering different issues related to information disorder. The results show that most of the initiatives currently active are of a national type, indicating a serious lack of trans-border collaboration and impact. One important insight is that most of the activities are being performed by non-governmental or civil society actors, while there is a lack of initiatives involving the industry. In addition, digital rights advocacy and gender issues are largely underrepresented among the stakeholders, to an extent that there is a complete lack of this aspect within the initiatives’ activities. Despite the importance of multi-stakeholder approaches, the share of one-stakeholder initiatives is significantly high and are the most representative of the governance models currently existing in the examined countries. The lack of employing technology and the minimal technological and policy impact per se reveal an important space for improvements and innovation. Moreover, the lack of networking platforms for dissemination and collaboration points to a clear direction to be taken for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the initiatives’ work. 10 Spread in a multi-stakeholder community, this report has two-fold contribution: on the one hand, it raises awareness on the shared challenges and opportunities among the industry, users, policymakers and other important stakeholders; on the other hand, it offers a concrete framework for analyzing the practices on information disorder governance and the extent of employing the regulatory approaches in that context.
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