Positions Facebook withholding data on its anti-disinformation efforts, EU says

Competition rules and DSA

Competition rules and DSA The digital revolution demands new mechanisms to regulate competition in the digital sector and large online platforms in particular. Competition authorities in Europe – and worldwide – share concerns that the existing competition rules are insufficient to tackle the complex legal issues stemming from the development of digital markets. The COVID-19…

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BlogNews

Public consultation on the Guidelines on the targeting of social media users (Guidelines)

Public consultation on the Guidelines on the targeting of social media users (Guidelines) The European Data Protection Board (EDPB) has recently launched public consultation on the Guidelines on the targeting of social media users. The European Data Protection Board (EDPB) is an independent European body competent to contribute to the consistent application of data protection…

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Positions

ERGA‘s position on the Digital Services Act (DSA): extending and strengthening the powers of the national regulatory authorities (NRA)

ERGA‘s position on the Digital Services Act (DSA): extending and strengthening the powers of the national regulatory authorities (NRA)   In its paper ERGA, the European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services, identifies what it believes to be the key policy challenges relating to online content regulation and the key principles that may underpin the…

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External Materials

Supporting Public Health Experts’ Vaccine Efforts – Facebook

Supporting Public Health Experts’ Vaccine Efforts – Facebook Facebook has announced that it will implement several protocols to support vaccination behaviour around the world. In particular, FB will launch a campaign encouraging Flu vaccination while we are awaiting for COVID-19 vaccine to be available. That move is to support the general health of the population…

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External Materials

Facebook’s Algorithm: A Major Threat to Public Health – AVAAZ

Facebook’s Algorithm: A Major Threat to Public Health – AVAAZ Avaaz uncovers health misinformation spreading networks with an estimated 3.8 billion views in the last year – and shows how to quarantine this infodemic – AVAAZ AVAAZ calls for more transparency for Facebook reporting on COVID-19 disseminated materials. In particular, the report suggests that the…

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External Materials

Twitter Will Turn Off Some Features to Fight Election Misinformation – NYT

Twitter Will Turn Off Some Features to Fight Election Misinformation – NYT The platform is trying to address growing concern that falsehoods could lead to instability. Most of the changes will start on Oct. 20 – The New York Times The article elaborates upon the introduced limitations and features ensuring more informed sharing and fake-news…

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5GBusiness

5G networks: business, security and geopolitics

5G networks: business, security, and geopolitics   Before full implementation, 5G technology requires a thorough investigation of its various security and geopolitical aspects as those related to business and health. At a European level, research and innovation towards the development of 5G communication networks have been a subject of significant support under the Horizon 2020…

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External Materials

Disinformation

Assessment of the Code of Practice on Disinformation. Achievements and areas for further improvement, Brussels, 11 September 2020 The Code of Practice on Disinformation provides a framework for a structured dialogue between relevant industry actors, the Commission, and ERGA authorities. The Code sets general policy objectives, identifies relevant requirements for appropriate measures, and enables public…

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External Materials

Recoverability and Standardization

Recovery plan powers EU’s strategic autonomy The topic on rebooting the EU economy after coronavirus brought together at the online annual Brussels Economic Forum (BEF), high-level policymakers, opinion leaders, academics, civil society and business leaders from EU and beyond. They held a vibrant debate on the unprecedented economic and social situation in  Europe emphasing the…

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External Materials

Digital Education: Public consultation: Digital education during the COVID-19 recovery period and beyond

Digital Education: Public consultation: Digital education during the COVID-19 recovery period and beyond The European Commission has launched an EU-wide public consultation to collect the views of citizens and stakeholders on the future of digital education during the COVID-19 recovery period and beyond. According to Mariya Gabriel, Commissioner for Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth…

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Positions

Mozilla challenges the status quo and embraces openness: the position of the company on the Digital Services Act (DSA)

Mozilla challenges the status quo and embraces openness: the position of the company on the Digital Services Act (DSA) On September 7 th 2020 Mozilla CEO Mitchell Baker published an open letter to the European Commission (EC) President Ursula von der Leyen, urging her “to seize a ‘once-in-a-generation’ opportunity to build a better Internet”. The…

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Positions

Internet Society: DSA Open Consultation Response

Internet Society: DSA Open Consultation Response The Internet Society welcomes the Commission’s efforts to develop new and revised rules to harmonise and deepen the Single Market for digital services . As a global non-profit organisation founded by the Internet’s pioneers and with a mission for an open, globally-connected, secure, and trustworthy Internet, the Internet Society…

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Positions

Response to the European Commission’s “Inception Impact Assessment for Deepening the Internal Market and Clarifying Responsibilities for Digital Services”

Response to the European Commission’s “Inception Impact Assessment for Deepening the Internal Market and Clarifying Responsibilities for Digital Services” The options  proposed would take important and needed steps towards addressing illegal online content. The Digital Services Act should clarify the types of platforms and content that fall in scope; set proportionate responsibilities and obligations for…

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Positions

European Commission consultation on Digital Services Act (DSA): EBF response

European Commission consultation on Digital Services Act (DSA): EBF response KEY MESSAGES: The EBF supports an ex ante regulatory approach to large online platforms, securing fair competition in a digitally transformed market The EBF agrees that the regulatory approach should include clear obligations and prohibited practices for large online platforms The EBF advocates the formulation…

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Positions

EBU RESPONSE TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON THE DIGITAL SERVICES ACT

EBU RESPONSE TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON THE DIGITAL SERVICES ACT Platforms mainly have tried to create transparency but have not taken enough action to avoid these problems since their main interest is to commercialise content and user data. Some platforms responded, with moderate and unequal success, to the Commission’s call to take…

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Positions

FACEBOOK RESPONSE TO EC PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON THE DIGITAL SERVICES ACT (DSA)

FACEBOOK RESPONSE TO EC PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON THE DIGITAL SERVICES ACT (DSA) While Facebook supports regulation requiring digital platforms to have systems in place to address content that is unlawful, a homogenous one-size-fits-all approach is not a viable solution. Obligations should be proportionate in relation to the nature and characteristics of the service, and include…

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Positions

GOOGLE: Digital Services Act package: open public Consultation

GOOGLE: Digital Services Act package: open public Consultation Google’s response to the European Commission’s consultation on the Digital Services Act (DSA) and the New Competition Tool (NCT) : We recognise that the evolution of the Internet has prompted the European Commission and EU national governments to consider  updating the regulatory framework governing online services. At…

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Positions

IBM: How to make Europe’s digital transformation responsible and accountable

How to make Europe’s digital transformation responsible and accountable In its position IBM underlines that governments, and citizens, in particular, are demanding that technology companies take more responsibility for the societal effects their services can have on children, on civic dialogue, on elections, or in facilitating criminal or terrorist activity. With greater digitalisation comes an…

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Positions

CDTEU Response to the European Commission Consultation on the Digital Services Act

CDTEU Response to the European Commission Consultation on the Digital Services Act The Centre for Democracy and Technology’s EU Office (CDTEU) stresses that the EC consultation involves also a review of the E-Commerce Directive. The importance of maintaining a clear and strong intermediary liability framework at the heart of the DSA is crucial. CDTEU recommends…

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Positions

European Union Update: The Digital Services Act

European Union Update: The Digital Services Act ICANN points to the fact that within the domain name ecosystem, registrars could be affected by the new act. ICANN’s Registrar Accreditation Agreement already provides that registrars shall be able to receive and act upon notification of providers of illegal content “by law enforcement, consumer protection, quasi-governmental or…

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Positions

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SUBMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S CONSULTATION ON THE DIGITAL SERVICES ACT PACKAGE

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SUBMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S CONSULTATION ON THE DIGITAL SERVICES ACT PACKAGE According to Amnesty International the new package will be a major opportunity to significantly curtail the surveillance-based business model of the dominant online platforms that undermines privacy and other rights of users all around Europe and worldwide on a daily basis.…

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Positions

Digital Services Act: what we learned about tackling the power of digital platforms

Digital Services Act: what we learned about tackling the power of digital platforms he European Digital Rights (EDRI) requests the European Commission to provide measures that break open the centralised platform economy, introduce strong transparency requirements, and guarantee effective regulatory oversight. The Digital Services Act provides the chance to entrench a digital economy that respects…

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Positions

DIGITAL SME: The Digital Services Act: SMEs need a more open and competitive internet ecosystem

The Digital Services Act: SMEs need a more open and competitive internet ecosystem The DIGITAL SME position paper calls for targeted measures to empower SMEs. The purpose is to deal effectively with the real concerns related to large platforms, while at the same time to allow smaller businesses to thrive without additional burdens. European policymakers…

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EventSymposiumsUpcoming Symposium

European Immersive Technologies Symposium Registration is Open!

European Immersive Technologies Symposium Registration is Open! 19-20th of October – FREE ADMISSION We are organising the European Immersive Technologies Symposium 2020 – 2 days 2 modes – Monday in VR, Tuesday on ZOOM – speakers from EU and the US. COMPACT is an H2020 European Commission – funded project. We start 19th of October…

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EventSymposiumsUpcoming Symposium

Immersive Technologies Symposium – VR & ZOOM [19th-20th of October]

Immersive Technologies Symposium – VR & ZOOM The symposium will be hosted on the 19th and 20th of October from 16:30 IST – 18:30 IST. Additional session from 18:30 -19:30 will be conducted for those who wish to stay longer. Since there is no better way to talk about Immersive Technologies than simply using them…

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MaterialsResearch outputs

Fundamental Rights in National Social Media Jurisprudence: A Study of Higher and Appellate Courts

E. Psychogiopoulou and F. Casarosa, ‘Fundamental Rights in National Social Media Jurisprudence: A Study of Higher and Appellate Courts’, [2020] European Human Rights Law Review, issue 2, p. 164-175 Abstract This article examines national court decisions on social media in a selected set of EU Member States, aiming to identify and analyze their fundamental rights…

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News

Facebook’s EU-US data transfer mechanism ‘cannot be used’, Irish regulator says

Facebook’s EU-US data transfer mechanism ‘cannot be used’, Irish regulator says (Reuters) – The key mechanism used by Facebook to transfer data from the European Union to the United States “cannot in practice be used” for such transfers, according to Ireland’s Data Protection Commission, Facebook said on Wednesday. The U.S. social media giant said in…

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EURODIG 2019 in Videos

EURODIG 2019 COMPACT partners took part in the organization of the Plenary 7 Session: “Tackling Online Harms” and Workshop 10 “Blockchain and privacy” for Eurodig 2019   Link to our Wiki Discussion page on organizing Plenary 7 Link to our Wiki Discussion page on Blockchain and Privacy Workshop 10

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EURODIG 2020 Forum

EuroDIG 2020 Forum forum | live transcript | live stream Day 1 / 11 June 2020 (all times CEST/UTC +2) 11.00 – 11.30 Studio open, arrival of participants 11.30 – 13.00 WS 4: Innovative uses of blockchain for public empowerment 13.00 – 14.30 Lunch break – Music relaxation 14.30 – 16.00 WS 6: Social media – opportunities, rights and responsibilities…

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Riga Symposium Report

Report on Riga Symposium The symposium was organized by the University of Latvia Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS) on the 10th of December. Latvian researchers and opinion leaders, together with European partners, presented the latest findings in the disinformation and media literacy field as well as discussed the future challenges that the digital media landscape…

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UNESCO’S INTERNET UNIVERSALITY INDICATORS

A Framework for Assessing Internet Development The Internet has developed rapidly into a communications medium which continues to transform access to information, opportunities for expression, and many aspects of government and business for people around the world. It has become a global marketplace for ideas, goods and services. It has both facilitated the enjoyment of…

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Materials

Potential impacts of blockchain technology, Internet of Things, 5G and Artificial Intelligence

The Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and blockchain represent an unprecedented opportunity for the enterprise and the public sector. Every institution capable of exploiting these technologies will have a chance to radically streamline and enhance existing processes, create entirely new business models, and develop innovative products and services for a new generation of…

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Research outputs

RESEARCH FINDINGS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ORGANISATIONS AND INITIATIVES TACKLING FAKE NEWS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This research and policy paper summarises the key findings and recommendations from up-to-date performance analyses of European organisations and initiatives fighting fake news. These findings and recommendations represent the direct outcome of the piloting of an entirely novel methodology for defining key indicators for performance evaluation of fact-checking organisations in a number of…

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Materials

Comparatively, Germans, women and elederly value privacy more on platforms

Germans place the highest value on privacy compared to the U.S. and Latin American countries.  Across countries, people place the highest value on keeping financial and biometric information private —balance and fingerprint data in particular.    Germany’s status as the country with highest value for privacy is driven  largely by extremely strong preferences for keeping…

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MaterialsResearch outputsUK

VR and Social Media for Online Training: Medical Realities – Basic Life Support during Covid-19

Educational video for Medical Realities on Basic Life Support During Covid – 19 for training medical staff. The project was created during lockdown in UK using entirely online network methodology for media production. Students from Escape studios volunteered to contribute to the production aiding NHS by working from home computers and using online tools for…

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MaterialsResearch outputs

Practice based research projects – Social Media and Injustice – “Identity Theft”

Mediaframe Studios presents: Episode 1: “Identity Theft” by Brigita Auskalnyte Content creators usually have a following – followers. It is portrayed as a crowd that follow the creator. Within the crowd there is always someone there wanting to use the artist. So they sneak up, steal either their work or even their identity and use…

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MaterialsResearch outputs

Practice based research projects on Social Media and Injustice – “Wild Wild Web”

Mediaframe Studios presents: Episode 2: “Wild Wild Web” by Isaac Linkens Information disorder is a term that is increasingly being used as an umbrella for the concepts of disinformation, misinformation and malinformation. It proliferated as a novel and useful term to describe the unwanted state of information pollution online, which has sparked an intensive academic…

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MaterialsResearch outputs

Practice based research projects on Social Media and Injustice – “Gender and Hate speech”

Mediaframe studios presents: “Bittersweet” by Shazell Vassal Hall We start from the basic premise that gender equality comprises an important aspect of the general issue of equality in society perceived as social involvement, use of and benefiting from all social opportunities on an equal footing by everyone. It is a fundamental human rights’ principle and…

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Report on Riga COMPACT Symposium

Regional Symposium on Social Media Regulation – Riga, 10 December 2019 Report on “Disinformation, Media Literacy, and Social Media Regulation” Latvian researchers and opinion leaders, together with European partners, presented the latest findings in the disinformation and media literacy field as well as discussed the future challenges that the digital media landscape presents for scientists,…

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Materials

NOVI SAD 10th International Conference THE BRIDGES OF MEDIA EDUCATION 2018

Publication from NOVI SAD 10th International Conference THE BRIDGES OF MEDIA EDUCATION 2018 “Fighting fake news and hoaxes in the age of convergence: evaluation of fact-checking and debunking organizations’ performance” Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria     Abstract With the proliferation of new information and communications technologies, the quality of the information environment is…

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Addressing Hate Speech

Challenges and dilemmas for the national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech Since the time of their inception media regulatory bodies have always faced big challenges. The latter pertain either to their status, structure, and independence or to their competences and the effectiveness of the control they exercise over…

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Materials

Fighting fake news and hoaxes in the age of convergence: performance evaluation and policies against information disorder

Fighting fake news and hoaxes in the age of convergence: performance evaluation and policies against information disorder Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria   Abstract With the proliferation of new information and communications technologies, the quality of the information environment is a question that becomes of paramount importance for every person and society. The veracity…

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RESEARCH FINDINGS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ORGANISATIONS AND INITIATIVES TACKLING FAKE NEWS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This research and policy paper summarises the key findings and recommendations from up-to-date performance analyses of European organisations and initiatives fighting fake news. These findings and recommendations represent the direct outcome of the piloting of an entirely novel methodology for defining key indicators for performance evaluation of fact-checking organisations in a number of…

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5G – What are the differences between the 5G and current 4G networks? – Discussion Panel I with Mr. Harri Paloheimo, CEO CoReorient

Mr. Harri Paloheimo, CEO CoReorient, former Nokia Green Research Team Leader and Principal Researcher, worked on simulations of NextG radio relay systems, NewsBeez executive team member What are the differences between the 5G and current 4G networks? What are the social, political, and economic implications of the change? What radiation means when relating to 5G…

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Materials

Access to reliable and accurate information in COVID-19 pandemic: a matter of life and death

Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Undermining the right to health could generate serious risks for society and generations ahead. Disinformation represents a hazardous tool that can seriously jeopardise this right during the raging COVID-19 pandemic. In such grave crisis, disinformation can prove more toxic and perilous than ever. These arguments motivated UNESCO to coin the term…

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Materials

Standards in the digital society should be responsive to gender equality

Standards in the digital society should be responsive to gender equality Standards are key contributors to an inclusive digital society. Products, systems and services must be mutually compatible and interoperable, so that people can communicate with each other through different devices. The Internet of Things (IoT) represents a stage towards full digitization and also relies…

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Materials

Standardisation in the Digital Single Market – before and after 2020

Standardisation  in the Digital Single Market – before and after 2020   Standardization issues in the new technological environment are of increasing relevance for Europe. “Media 21” Foundation presents excerpts from the latest European documents compiled by the information society expert dipl.eng Anelia Dimova, Bulgaria.   The process of European Standardisation  The objective that European…

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Materials

Social media regulation – a proposition for a social media arbitration mechanism

Social media regulation – a proposition for a social media arbitration mechanism   Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation Dr. Valeriy Dimitrov, professor at the Legal Faculty of the University of National and World Economy, Sofia   Introduction The issue of how to regulate social media platforms, including social networks, is gaining momentum among stakeholders.…

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Materials

International community against disinformation in the situation of COVID-19 pandemic

International community against disinformation in the situation of COVID-19 pandemic While the corona virus crisis is escalating, the U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres made the admonition that the world is not only immersed in a pandemic but is also facing “a dangerous epidemic of misinformation” about COVID-19. He announced a U.N. campaign based on scientific knowledge…

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Materials Fears and speculations in Bulgaria after National Children’s Strategy draft project was introduced

Fears and speculations in Bulgaria after National Children’s Strategy draft project was introduced

Fears and speculations in Bulgaria after National Children’s Strategy draft project was introduced     In April 2019 it was officially stated that the Bulgarian government decided to put the National Children’s Strategy on halt. Bulgarian media announced that, at the request of Prime Minister Boyko Borissov, work on the National Children’s Strategy project would cease due to…

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Materials The case of social media used for donations of citizens and potential medical data protection

The case of social media used for donations of citizens and potential medical data protection

The case of social media used for donations of citizens and potential medical data protection: Example for the potential constructive and destructive use of social media for social good     In February 2019, the Commission for Personal Data Protection of Bulgaria issued a statement about the medical documents regulation in social media. The topic…

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Research outputs

Comparatively, Germans, women and elederly value privacy more on platforms

Germans place the highest value on privacy compared to the U.S. and Latin American countries.  Across countries, people place the highest value on keeping financial and biometric information private —balance and fingerprint data in particular.   Germany’s status as the country with highest value for privacy is driven largely by extremely strong preferences for keeping…

Read more
News lisbon symposium

Lisbon symposium

On behalf of the organizing team it is our great pleasure to invite you to participate in the upcoming Regional symposium  titled: “SOCIAL MEDIA, FAKE NEWS AND CYBERSECURITY”   The regional COMPACT symposium is taking place at the Universidade Católica Portuguesa (Library Building, 2nd Floor, Room Exposições) in Lisbon, on 20.02.2020   Program:  

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News Riga

Riga Symposium

On behalf of the organizing team it is our great pleasure to invite you to participate in the upcoming Regional symposium  titled: “Disinformation, Media Literacy and Social Media Regulation”   The regional COMPACT symposium is taking place at the University of Latvia, Faculty of Social Sciences, Isaiah Berlin auditorium (Lauvas street 4, Riga, Latvia), on 10 December 2019.…

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Dortmund Overview of Global Regulatory Initiatives and Suggestions, Governmental Initiatives, New Regulatory Challenges

Dortmund Symposium  Overview of Global Regulatory Initiatives and Suggestions, Governmental Initiatives, New Regulatory Challenges Please find below the discussion materials:   Schedule COMPACT Social Media overview Digital Media Regulation in V4 Global suggestions for social media regulation Recommendations & Findings 2 Recommendations & Findings 3 Minutes  

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EventResearch outputs

Materials of symposium “Technology and regulation in a convergent environment. The role of social media and its implications”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Sofia Symposium 2019 “Technology and regulation in a convergent environment. The role of social media and its implications” was held on 11th-12th November 2019 at Representation of the European Commission in Bulgaria. Agenda of the event. Please find below the discussion materials: EuroDIG 2019: Highlights of messages IGF 2018 Key Messages: Media&Content IGF 2018 KEY MESSAGES: DIGITAL…

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Social Media topics overview

The materials cover the following topics: Digital identity and why to regulate What are bots and are they dangerous to democracy? Current challenges for bot-related policy. Regulatory challenges of immersive technologies. Where is the harm in microtargeting and how does it impact democracy? What are social media influencers (influencer marketing) and why / how should they be…

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Regional Symposium: Sofia, Bulgaria

On behalf of the organizing team it is our great pleasure to invite you to participate in the upcoming Regional symposium  titled:   “Technology and regulation in a convergent environment. The role of social media and its implications”   The regional COMPACT symposium is taking place at the Representation of the European Commission in Bulgaria…

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Event Regional symposium Brussels

Regional symposium Brussels: Disinformation in EU elections: The role of social media & technology trends

On behalf of the organizing team it is our great pleasure to invite you to participate in the upcoming Regional symposium  titled: “Disinformation in EU elections: The role of social media & technology trends”   The regional COMPACT symposium is taking place at the Permanent Representation of the Slovak Republic to the EU, in Brussels (Avenue…

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Opinions Social media regulation - a proposition for a social media arbitration mechanism

Social media regulation – a proposition for a social media arbitration mechanism

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation Dr. Valeriy Dimitrov, professor at the Legal Faculty of the University of National and World Economy, Sofia Introduction The issue of how to regulate social media platforms, including social networks, is gaining momentum among stakeholders. It is not an exaggeration to state that sometimes the arguments in favour of…

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EventMaterialsOpinions Eurodig 2019: Dutch experience

Eurodig 2019: Dutch experience

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria Created in 2008 by several organisations, government representatives and experts, the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EuroDIG) has gained significant popularity on a European and global scale.  EuroDEG aims to present, as open multi-stakeholder platform, an exchange of views about the Internet and its governance for fostering dialogue…

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Opinions Transposition of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD): Irish approach

Transposition of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD): Irish approach

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria The AVMSD set a difficult task for the European governments to find appropriate paths to transpose its provisions into domestic legislation strengthening human rights values in the new convergent media environment. In response to this in March 2019, the Irish government launched a public consultation to inform the…

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Research outputs Standardization and coordination (the case of BG)

Standardization and coordination (the case of BG)

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation 1. General observations The primary objective of standardisation is to define voluntary, technical or quality specifications with which current or future products, production processes or services may comply (REGULATION (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on European Standardisation). Standardization is…

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Opinions Standardisation in the Digital Single Market – before and after 2020

Standardisation in the Digital Single Market – before and after 2020

Standardization issues in the new technological environment are of increasing relevance for Europe. “Media 21” Foundation presents excerpts from the latest European documents compiled by the information society expert dipl.eng Anelia Dimova, Bulgaria. The process of European Standardisation  The objective that European standardisation pursues is to agree on a set of common specifications and/or procedures…

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Opinions Election cybersecurity: challenges and opportunities

Election cybersecurity: challenges and opportunities

Election cybersecurity: challenges and opportunities This paper presents ENISA’s opinion on the cybersecurity of elections and provides concrete and forward-looking recommendations to improve the cybersecurity of electoral processes in the EU. Recommendations Digital Service Providers, social media, online platforms, and messaging service providers are advised to deploy technology that will identify unusual traffic patterns that…

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Opinions

Purchased protest?

Suspicion that Google pays Internet celebrities for pushing their agenda has existed for a long time. But German journalist Constantin van Lijnden discovered how the technology giant had found its way to youtubers. He explains this in his article “Purchased Protest?”. According to:Lijnden, several German Youtubers received a financial offer from the non-profit organization Create…

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Opinions Without realizing it we incessantly store heaps of personal information on the net every day

Without realizing it we incessantly store heaps of personal information on the net every day

Dr. Bissera ZankovaMedia 21 Foundation, Bulgaria Beyond doubt the Facebook – Cambridge Analytica data scandal was one of the highlights of 2018. The theft of personal data of millions of people’s from their Facebook profiles without any knowledge and consent was considered a watershed moment in the public understanding of personal data usage by social…

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Opinions A new World Bank gender study

A new World Bank gender study

Dr. Bissera ZankovaMedia 21 Foundation, Bulgaria The study of the World Bank “Women, Business and the Law 2019:A Decade of Reform”, examines milestones in a woman’s working life, from starting a job through to getting a pension, as well as the legal protections implemented in each of these stages. The data covers a ten-year period…

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Opinions Steps against online manipulation taken by 43 countries in two recent years

Steps against online manipulation taken by 43 countries in two recent years

Since 2016, at least 43 countries have proposed or implemented measures aimed at combating influence campaigns on social media. This is according to a study by the NATO Strategic Communications Center of Excellence, whose authors note that new approaches to tackling disinformation are »flourishing« as online efforts to manipulate public opinion become an increasingly »pressing…

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Opinions Code of Practice on Disinformation

Code of Practice on Disinformation

Representatives of online platforms, leading social networks, advertisers and advertising industry agreed on a self-regulatory Code of Practice to address the spread of online disinformation and fake news. This is the first time worldwide that industry agrees, on a voluntary basis, to self-regulatory standards to fight disinformation. The Code aims at achieving the objectives set…

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Opinions Nine steps for how Facebook should embrace meaningful interac— er, accountability

Nine steps for how Facebook should embrace meaningful interac— er, accountability – Article Summary

A group of Oxford and Stanford researchers (Timothy Garton Ash, Robert Gorwa, and Danaë Metaxa) started with nine items, in their report released Thursday via Oxford and Stanford. The focus is on ways Facebook could improve itself as a »better forum for free speech and democracy.« Part of the report focuses on the amends Facebook…

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Opinions Challenges and dilemmas for national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech

Challenges and dilemmas for national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech

Since the time of their inception media regulatory bodies have always faced big challenges. The latter pertain either to their status, structure and independence or to their competences and the effectiveness of the control they exercise over particular types of content. Nowadays media regulators have to cope with their own problems how to operate best…

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Opinions Social technology-based credit system in China does not mean a Digital Dictatorship, claims a blogger

Social technology-based credit system in China does not mean a Digital Dictatorship, claims a blogger

Pavel Dvořák is a Slovak sinologist living and doing business in tourism in China. In theintroduction to his web blogs he says he has had a passion for that country since childhood. In his latest blog, Dvořák defends the newly built technology system assigning credits to Chinese citizens by the government. Some critics reproach the…

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OpinionsResearch outputs Research Agendas and Roadmaps on Social Media and Convergence in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia

Research Agendas and Roadmaps on Social Media and Convergence in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia

Andrej Školkay, Gergö Hajzer, Juraj Filin, Tomasz Anusziewicz, Ľubica Adamcová, Veronika Vighová, Igor Daniš The purpose of this study is meta-research on academic research on social media and convergence in four Central-Eastern European countries: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. Sometimes, these countries are referred to as Visegrad Four or V-4. The selection of these…

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OpinionsResearch outputs Minutes from Adria Information Disorder AI Tools 2018 Workshop

Minutes from Adria Information Disorder AI Tools 2018 Workshop

Minutes from Adria Information Disorder AI Tools 2018 Workshop, held on June 29-30, 2018, in Koper, Slovenia. Andrej Školkay opened the meeting, welcoming and introducing the others physically present – John Boyd, Bence Ságvári and Francesco Adolfo Danza, (later arrived Peter Matzneller and Michal Hradický) and those online (Juraj Filin, Nikolau Stefanos, Bernie Bencoe, Boris…

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Opinions Facebook shuts the gate after the horse has bolted, and hurts real research in the process

Facebook shuts the gate after the horse has bolted, and hurts real research in the process

In reaction to the Cambridge Analytica controversy, Facebook has recently announced a substantial tightening of access restrictions to the Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) of Facebook, Instagram, and other platforms it owns. Other platform providers are likely to follow suit. The APIs are the means through which third parties access data on these platforms, such as…

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OpinionsResearch outputs Council of Europe: Analytical Overview of Official Documents on the Internet and Social Media

Council of Europe: Analytical Overview of Official Documents on the Internet and Social Media

The Council of Europe activities comprise a part of the WP1 study “Research agendas and roadmaps” and Media 21 Foundation (M21) was entitled to provide information about the output of the organization’s bodies for the period 2013 – up to 2018. The M21 was also asked to make conclusions how and to what extent the adopted recommendations, resolutions and decisions impact social media in a convergent era.

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OpinionsWhitepaper Wisdom of the Crowd: Multistakeholder perspective on the fake news debate

Wisdom of the Crowd: Multistakeholder perspective on the fake news debate

Social media platforms are increasingly accused of shaping public debate and engineering people’s behavior in ways that might undermine the democratic process. In order to vitalize a much-needed multistakeholder dialogue on corrective measures against the spread of false information, this project has undertaken a truncated multistakeholder consultation, addressing experts from academia, civil society, governments and the industry to assess diverging perspectives on institutional proposals, legislative responses, and self- regulation resolutions that have sprung up around the world. It also asks what new challenges platform moderation and related “fake news” issues pose to what might be called the “procedural fitness” of the current multistakeholder internet governance system. Finally, it suggests recommendations for architectural changes that could promote constructive and inclusive debate on the topic.

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Opinions Facebook scandal with data and Cambridge Analytica

Facebook scandal with data and Cambridge Analytica

Cambridge Analytica, a Data Analysis Company used an application developed by Dr. Aleksander Kogan to gain access to the profile data of about 270,000 Facebook users. With the help of Amazon‘s Mechanical Turk, it took advantage of a platform where participants received a small amount of $ 1 to $ 2 for completing a poll. With this step, Cambridge Analytica had access to the personal data of up to 87 million facebook users. This vast amount of sensitive data was used by Cambridge Analytica to help shape the political profile of the OCEAN model. Modeal OCEAN is a well-known concept of personality psychology.

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Opinions The causal loop between information disorder and trust on the Internet

The causal loop between information disorder and trust on the Internet

This article explains the link between information disorder (represented by misinformation, disinformation and malinformation) and trust on the Internet, from both socio-economic and technological perspective. The topics are analysed through information/content type that is a popular online representative of the problem: the fake news phenomenon and the fact-checking initiatives trying to combat it.

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Opinions

European efforts to regulate internet intermediaries

Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria May 2 2018 Nowadays we are constantly witnessing how diverse Internet intermediaries are rapidly evolving to perform a variety of important social and economic functions. Some facilitate users’s access to the Internet, enable the processing of information and data, or host web-based services, including for user-generated content. The different…

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Opinions

Fake news – an old trap

Lately, there have been frequent talks about fighting “fake news” and promoting media literacy. The President of Latvia has already held two public discussions on “fake news” and provided media literacy lessons for 9th grade students. But what is being done to make the old book of fake news clear (and would not have a…

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Opinions

Can court make blocking Facebook in Latvia possible?

As elections are approaching Latvia in autumn 2018, very important questions are been raised by agitation monitoring and elimination in social networks, especially Facebook. For the purpose to ensure transparent elections, Jēkabs Straume, the head of Latvia’s Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (KNAB) in the Parliamentary commission session offered, if needed to ask for court…

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Research outputs Czech police gained data from Facebook in illegal way and issued fine based on wrong interpretation of the law

Czech police gained data from Facebook in illegal way and issued fine based on wrong interpretation of the law

The Czech Constitutional Court accepted constitutional complaint that both the Police and County Court broke constitutional rights with respect to issuing fine 380 EUR for private libel communication by an individual via Facebook in communication between two persons. The Czech Constitutional Court (III.ÚS 3844/13 ) acknowledged that the Police obtained data from Facebook account in…

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Opinions Psychological warfare

The brain behind the psychological warfare weapon that brought Trump and Brexit Imagine Nixon on steroids – so the 28-year-old IT genius describes the implications of his tool for manipulating society

The article published on the online news portal OFFNews discusses various aspects including psychological ones of the Analytica case. The author Maja Mladenova presents all the factual background of the scandal through the Guardian investigation of the personal career of Christopher Wiley. She refers to the Trump’s adviser Steve Bannon’s sentence “I invented the weapon…

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Opinions Resistance against Facebook

Resistance against Facebook

Author: Maria Manolova The Cambridge Analytica crisis has exposed the sinister sides of the social network. No easy solution appears to be on the way The article published by the online edition of Capital weekly discusses the risks of harm generated by Facebook against the backdrop of the Analytica scandal. The author presents also interesting…

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Opinions Facebook scandal

Want Facebook to keep your data? How much do you pay for it? There is no such thing as a free lunch

Author: Borislav Krastev Commenting on the recent Facebook scandal concerning “Analytica” Borislav Krastev provides his explanation of the conditions and factors that have led to it. He claims that we all fall victims of a long pursued advertizing strategy. According to the author the biggest secret of the last 10 years is that all social…

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Opinions Swiss View on Fake News

Swiss View on Fake News

More Decentralized and Less Personalized Democracy as Protection against the “Fake News”? We present here some comments from a public debate on the topic “Direct Democracy Guards against disinformation and “fake news” held at the University of Geneve on March 23, 2018. Context of this debate was the Helvetic culture of discussion, where alliances are…

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Opinions Personal data

Personal data was weaponised against democracy in the EU – and can be again

Author: Nomi Byström, a postdoctoral researcher in computer sciences at Aalto University, Finland With the recent revelations on the unlawful use of voters’ data to influence their political choices, both the EU and its member states need to take legislative measures to prevent such campaigning, which violated privacy rights and eroded democracy. The first step…

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Opinions welcome

Welcome!

Dear visitors – journalists, researchers, stakeholders, policymakers and media enthusiasts! Our consortium joint together in project Compact to increase awareness of the latest technological discoveries among key stakeholders in the context of social media and convergence. We welcome you to read and write about our findings and use them in your future decisions. The Consortium…

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