Event 5th Congress of The Polish Communication Association

5th Congress of The Polish Communication Association

The 5th Congress of the Polish Communication Association, entitled “Media Power: People – Organisations – Technologies”, aims at discussing the notion of media power, from the internal (organizational) and external (media ecology) perspective. The congress is taking place in Warsaw, Poland between 19. – 21. September 2019 at Warsaw University. COMPACT will hold two sessions. Reading…

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Opinions Social media regulation - a proposition for a social media arbitration mechanism

Social media regulation – a proposition for a social media arbitration mechanism

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation Dr. Valeriy Dimitrov, professor at the Legal Faculty of the University of National and World Economy, Sofia Introduction The issue of how to regulate social media platforms, including social networks, is gaining momentum among stakeholders. It is not an exaggeration to state that sometimes the arguments in favour of…

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Opinions Making social networks more accountable: towards a new french framework

Making social networks more accountable: towards a new french framework

Further to the public outcry over information disorder and hate speech online, the social media networks are increasingly under the scrutiny of governments and regulators in many countries in Europe. In France, several initiatives aim to make the big social media players more accountable, forcing them to adopt clear, effective and transparent mechanisms, under the…

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Opinions Eurodig 2019: Dutch experience

Eurodig 2019: Dutch experience

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria Created in 2008 by several organisations, government representatives and experts, the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EuroDIG) has gained significant popularity on a European and global scale.  EuroDEG aims to present, as open multi-stakeholder platform, an exchange of views about the Internet and its governance for fostering dialogue…

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Opinions Transposition of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD): Irish approach

Transposition of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD): Irish approach

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria The AVMSD set a difficult task for the European governments to find appropriate paths to transpose its provisions into domestic legislation strengthening human rights values in the new convergent media environment. In response to this in March 2019, the Irish government launched a public consultation to inform the…

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Research outputs Standardization and coordination (the case of BG)

Standardization and coordination (the case of BG)

Dr. Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation 1. General observations The primary objective of standardisation is to define voluntary, technical or quality specifications with which current or future products, production processes or services may comply (REGULATION (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on European Standardisation). Standardization is…

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Opinions Standardisation in the Digital Single Market – before and after 2020

Standardisation in the Digital Single Market – before and after 2020

Standardization issues in the new technological environment are of increasing relevance for Europe. “Media 21” Foundation presents excerpts from the latest European documents compiled by the information society expert dipl.eng Anelia Dimova, Bulgaria. The process of European Standardisation  The objective that European standardisation pursues is to agree on a set of common specifications and/or procedures…

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Opinions Election cybersecurity: challenges and opportunities

Election cybersecurity: challenges and opportunities

Paper presents ENISA’s opinion on the cybersecurity of elections and provides concrete and forward-looking recommendations to improve the cybersecurity of electoral processes in the EU. Recomendations 1 Digital Service Providers, social media, online platforms and messaging service providers are advised to deploy technology that will identify unusual traffic patterns that could be associated with the…

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Opinions

Purchased protest?

Suspicion that Google pays Internet celebrities for pushing their agenda has existed for a long time. But German journalist Constantin van Lijnden discovered how the technology giant had found its way to youtubers. He explains this in his article “Purchased Protest?”. According to:Lijnden, several German Youtubers received a financial offer from the non-profit organization Create…

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Opinions Without realizing it we incessantly store heaps of personal information on the net every day

Without realizing it we incessantly store heaps of personal information on the net every day

Dr. Bissera ZankovaMedia 21 Foundation, Bulgaria Beyond doubt the Facebook – Cambridge Analytica data scandal was one of the highlights of 2018. The theft of personal data of millions of people’s from their Facebook profiles without any knowledge and consent was considered a watershed moment in the public understanding of personal data usage by social…

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Opinions A new World Bank gender study

A new World Bank gender study

Dr. Bissera ZankovaMedia 21 Foundation, Bulgaria The study of the World Bank “Women, Business and the Law 2019:A Decade of Reform”, examines milestones in a woman’s working life, from starting a job through to getting a pension, as well as the legal protections implemented in each of these stages. The data covers a ten-year period…

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Opinions Steps against online manipulation taken by 43 countries in two recent years

Steps against online manipulation taken by 43 countries in two recent years

Since 2016, at least 43 countries have proposed or implemented measures aimed at combating influence campaigns on social media. This is according to a study by the NATO Strategic Communications Center of Excellence, whose authors note that new approaches to tackling disinformation are »flourishing« as online efforts to manipulate public opinion become an increasingly »pressing…

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Opinions Code of Practice on Disinformation

Code of Practice on Disinformation

Representatives of online platforms, leading social networks, advertisers and advertising industry agreed on a self-regulatory Code of Practice to address the spread of online disinformation and fake news. This is the first time worldwide that industry agrees, on a voluntary basis, to self-regulatory standards to fight disinformation. The Code aims at achieving the objectives set…

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Opinions Nine steps for how Facebook should embrace meaningful interac— er, accountability

Nine steps for how Facebook should embrace meaningful interac— er, accountability – Article Summary

A group of Oxford and Stanford researchers (Timothy Garton Ash, Robert Gorwa, and Danaë Metaxa) started with nine items, in their report released Thursday via Oxford and Stanford. The focus is on ways Facebook could improve itself as a »better forum for free speech and democracy.« Part of the report focuses on the amends Facebook…

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Opinions Challenges and dilemmas for national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech

Challenges and dilemmas for national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech

Since the time of their inception media regulatory bodies have always faced big challenges. The latter pertain either to their status, structure and independence or to their competences and the effectiveness of the control they exercise over particular types of content. Nowadays media regulators have to cope with their own problems how to operate best…

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Opinions Social technology-based credit system in China does not mean a Digital Dictatorship, claims a blogger

Social technology-based credit system in China does not mean a Digital Dictatorship, claims a blogger

Pavel Dvořák is a Slovak sinologist living and doing business in tourism in China. In theintroduction to his web blogs he says he has had a passion for that country since childhood. In his latest blog, Dvořák defends the newly built technology system assigning credits to Chinese citizens by the government. Some critics reproach the…

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OpinionsResearch outputs Research Agendas and Roadmaps on Social Media and Convergence in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia

Research Agendas and Roadmaps on Social Media and Convergence in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia

Andrej Školkay, Gergö Hajzer, Juraj Filin, Tomasz Anusziewicz, Ľubica Adamcová, Veronika Vighová, Igor Daniš The purpose of this study is meta-research on academic research on social media and convergence in four Central-Eastern European countries: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. Sometimes, these countries are referred to as Visegrad Four or V-4. The selection of these…

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OpinionsResearch outputs Minutes from Adria Information Disorder AI Tools 2018 Workshop

Minutes from Adria Information Disorder AI Tools 2018 Workshop

Minutes from Adria Information Disorder AI Tools 2018 Workshop, held on June 29-30, 2018, in Koper, Slovenia. Andrej Školkay opened the meeting, welcoming and introducing the others physically present – John Boyd, Bence Ságvári and Francesco Adolfo Danza, (later arrived Peter Matzneller and Michal Hradický) and those online (Juraj Filin, Nikolau Stefanos, Bernie Bencoe, Boris…

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Opinions Facebook shuts the gate after the horse has bolted, and hurts real research in the process

Facebook shuts the gate after the horse has bolted, and hurts real research in the process

In reaction to the Cambridge Analytica controversy, Facebook has recently announced a substantial tightening of access restrictions to the Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) of Facebook, Instagram, and other platforms it owns. Other platform providers are likely to follow suit. The APIs are the means through which third parties access data on these platforms, such as…

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OpinionsResearch outputs Council of Europe: Analytical Overview of Official Documents on the Internet and Social Media

Council of Europe: Analytical Overview of Official Documents on the Internet and Social Media

The Council of Europe activities comprise a part of the WP1 study “Research agendas and roadmaps” and Media 21 Foundation (M21) was entitled to provide information about the output of the organization’s bodies for the period 2013 – up to 2018. The M21 was also asked to make conclusions how and to what extent the adopted recommendations, resolutions and decisions impact social media in a convergent era.

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OpinionsWhitepaper Wisdom of the Crowd: Multistakeholder perspective on the fake news debate

Wisdom of the Crowd: Multistakeholder perspective on the fake news debate

Social media platforms are increasingly accused of shaping public debate and engineering people’s behavior in ways that might undermine the democratic process. In order to vitalize a much-needed multistakeholder dialogue on corrective measures against the spread of false information, this project has undertaken a truncated multistakeholder consultation, addressing experts from academia, civil society, governments and the industry to assess diverging perspectives on institutional proposals, legislative responses, and self- regulation resolutions that have sprung up around the world. It also asks what new challenges platform moderation and related “fake news” issues pose to what might be called the “procedural fitness” of the current multistakeholder internet governance system. Finally, it suggests recommendations for architectural changes that could promote constructive and inclusive debate on the topic.

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Opinions Facebook scandal with data and Cambridge Analytica

Facebook scandal with data and Cambridge Analytica

Cambridge Analytica, a Data Analysis Company used an application developed by Dr. Aleksander Kogan to gain access to the profile data of about 270,000 Facebook users. With the help of Amazon‘s Mechanical Turk, it took advantage of a platform where participants received a small amount of $ 1 to $ 2 for completing a poll. With this step, Cambridge Analytica had access to the personal data of up to 87 million facebook users. This vast amount of sensitive data was used by Cambridge Analytica to help shape the political profile of the OCEAN model. Modeal OCEAN is a well-known concept of personality psychology.

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Opinions The causal loop between information disorder and trust on the Internet

The causal loop between information disorder and trust on the Internet

This article explains the link between information disorder (represented by misinformation, disinformation and malinformation) and trust on the Internet, from both socio-economic and technological perspective. The topics are analysed through information/content type that is a popular online representative of the problem: the fake news phenomenon and the fact-checking initiatives trying to combat it.

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Opinions

European efforts to regulate internet intermediaries

Bissera Zankova, Media 21 Foundation, Bulgaria May 2 2018 Nowadays we are constantly witnessing how diverse Internet intermediaries are rapidly evolving to perform a variety of important social and economic functions. Some facilitate users’s access to the Internet, enable the processing of information and data, or host web-based services, including for user-generated content. The different…

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Opinions

Fake news – an old trap

Lately, there have been frequent talks about fighting “fake news” and promoting media literacy. The President of Latvia has already held two public discussions on “fake news” and provided media literacy lessons for 9th grade students. But what is being done to make the old book of fake news clear (and would not have a…

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Opinions

Can court make blocking Facebook in Latvia possible?

As elections are approaching Latvia in autumn 2018, very important questions are been raised by agitation monitoring and elimination in social networks, especially Facebook. For the purpose to ensure transparent elections, Jēkabs Straume, the head of Latvia’s Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau (KNAB) in the Parliamentary commission session offered, if needed to ask for court…

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Research outputs Czech police gained data from Facebook in illegal way and issued fine based on wrong interpretation of the law

Czech police gained data from Facebook in illegal way and issued fine based on wrong interpretation of the law

The Czech Constitutional Court accepted constitutional complaint that both the Police and County Court broke constitutional rights with respect to issuing fine 380 EUR for private libel communication by an individual via Facebook in communication between two persons. The Czech Constitutional Court (III.ÚS 3844/13 ) acknowledged that the Police obtained data from Facebook account in…

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Opinions Psychological warfare

The brain behind the psychological warfare weapon that brought Trump and Brexit Imagine Nixon on steroids – so the 28-year-old IT genius describes the implications of his tool for manipulating society

The article published on the online news portal OFFNews discusses various aspects including psychological ones of the Analytica case. The author Maja Mladenova presents all the factual background of the scandal through the Guardian investigation of the personal career of Christopher Wiley. She refers to the Trump’s adviser Steve Bannon’s sentence “I invented the weapon…

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Opinions Resistance against Facebook

Resistance against Facebook

Author: Maria Manolova The Cambridge Analytica crisis has exposed the sinister sides of the social network. No easy solution appears to be on the way The article published by the online edition of Capital weekly discusses the risks of harm generated by Facebook against the backdrop of the Analytica scandal. The author presents also interesting…

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Opinions Facebook scandal

Want Facebook to keep your data? How much do you pay for it? There is no such thing as a free lunch

Author: Borislav Krastev Commenting on the recent Facebook scandal concerning “Analytica” Borislav Krastev provides his explanation of the conditions and factors that have led to it. He claims that we all fall victims of a long pursued advertizing strategy. According to the author the biggest secret of the last 10 years is that all social…

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Opinions Swiss View on Fake News

Swiss View on Fake News

More Decentralized and Less Personalized Democracy as Protection against the “Fake News”? We present here some comments from a public debate on the topic “Direct Democracy Guards against disinformation and “fake news” held at the University of Geneve on March 23, 2018. Context of this debate was the Helvetic culture of discussion, where alliances are…

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Opinions Personal data

Personal data was weaponised against democracy in the EU – and can be again

Author: Nomi Byström, a postdoctoral researcher in computer sciences at Aalto University, Finland With the recent revelations on the unlawful use of voters’ data to influence their political choices, both the EU and its member states need to take legislative measures to prevent such campaigning, which violated privacy rights and eroded democracy. The first step…

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Opinions welcome

Welcome!

Dear visitors – journalists, researchers, stakeholders, policymakers and media enthusiasts! Our consortium joint together in project Compact to increase awareness of the latest technological discoveries among key stakeholders in the context of social media and convergence. We welcome you to read and write about our findings and use them in your future decisions. The Consortium…

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