A new World Bank gender study

A new World Bank gender study

Dr. Bissera ZankovaMedia 21 Foundation, Bulgaria The study of the World Bank “Women, Business and the Law 2019:A Decade of Reform”, examines milestones in a woman’s working life, from starting a job through to getting a pension, as well as the legal protections implemented in each of these stages. The data covers a ten-year period…

Steps against online manipulation taken by 43 countries in two recent years

Steps against online manipulation taken by 43 countries in two recent years

Since 2016, at least 43 countries have proposed or implemented measures aimed at combating influence campaigns on social media. This is according to a study by the NATO Strategic Communications Center of Excellence, whose authors note that new approaches to tackling disinformation are »flourishing« as online efforts to manipulate public opinion become an increasingly »pressing…

Code of Practice on Disinformation

Code of Practice on Disinformation

Representatives of online platforms, leading social networks, advertisers and advertising industry agreed on a self-regulatory Code of Practice to address the spread of online disinformation and fake news. This is the first time worldwide that industry agrees, on a voluntary basis, to self-regulatory standards to fight disinformation. The Code aims at achieving the objectives set…

Challenges and dilemmas for national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech

Challenges and dilemmas for national regulatory authorities in the age of convergence with respect to hate speech

Since the time of their inception media regulatory bodies have always faced big challenges. The latter pertain either to their status, structure and independence or to their competences and the effectiveness of the control they exercise over particular types of content. Nowadays media regulators have to cope with their own problems how to operate best…